KOPI Delft 4: FAECAL SLUDGE – A HUMAN SOURCED FORGOTTEN RESOURCES

Rekan-rekan PPI Delft,

KOPI Delft 4 akan hadir menyapa rekan-rekan PPI Delft akhir pekan ini. Mengangkat topik lingkungan dan sanitasi, forum kolokium ini menghadirkan Ibu Fiona Zakaria, kandidat doktor di UNESCO-IHE, yang akan membawakan presentasi berjudul ‘FAECAL SLUDGE – A HUMAN SOURCED FORGOTTEN RESOURCES’ (abstrak terlampir). Mari datang, simak dan diskusikan bersama untuk memperkaya wawasan kita di bidang ini.

Hari: Jumat, 27 September 2013
Waktu: 17:00 – 19:00
Tempat: UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Management, Ruang B1, Westvest 7, 2611 AX Delft.

Jangan lupa ya!

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Abstrak

FAECAL SLUDGE – A HUMAN SOURCED FORGOTTEN RESOURCES

Fiona Zakaria
Department of Environmental Engineering and Water Technologies, UNESCO – IHE
Westvest 7, 2611 AX Delft, The Netherlands
Tel: +31(0)15 215 18 96 E-mail: f.zakaria@unesco-ihe.org

Abstract
Sanitation in particular to human excreta disposal is critically a forgotten subject in Indonesia’s development agenda. Despite of advances in a lot of other sectors, Indonesia remains relaxing on faecal sludge management. Centralized sewage system that ensures proper treatment of faecal sludge is almost non-existing in urban cities in Indonesia. Taking Jakarta the Indonesian capital city – as an example, very small fraction of its population is connected to a sewer line that leads to centralized sewage treatment plant. Majority of the population relies on septic tanks, leaching pits and direct discharge to open drainage, canals and rivers. This attributed to the much pronounced environmental problem of ground water contamination in the light of clean water crisis in Jakarta. Further, excessive groundwater extraction has been strongly linked to the sinking Jakarta ground over the years.

Jakarta is sinking up to 10 cm a year. Lacks of planning, law instrument, institutional arrangement, even lack of leadership have been blamed in the search of solutions. There is no easy way to solve a chronic problem. With the public demanding immediate measure, little was done to untangle the problems, and then address them one by one. As for many other converging causes in this case, efforts to improve faecal sludge management remain subdued.

Jakarta arguably sets an extreme example of inappropriate faecal sludge management compared to other mega cities in developed countries. However, it mirrors the best of practices in Indonesia. There are little drives to push for a reform in faecal sludge management. In order to provide those drives, this paper explores the merits of improving faecal sludge management in Indonesia, the urgency and the risks shall the practise remains as it is at present. The recommendation covers concepts to turn faecal sludge into a resource for the benefit of all.

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